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Itwar Singh Khursenga

Korba, Chhattisgarh

June 21, 2024 to June 21, 2026

Itwar Singh Khursenga, born on 26 March 1877 in Tanakhar, Korba district, was the son of Akbar Singh Khursenga. Despite limited education, he was inspired by Chhattisgarh's first martyr, Veer Narayan Singh. At 40, during the height of the freedom struggle in 1920, Itwar Singh joined the movement with fervent patriotism and participated in a padayatra in Bilaspur with Mahatma Gandhi. He also took part in the 1922 Non-Cooperation movement, which led to his imprisonment for one year.

In 1930, Itwar opposed British rule during the Jungle Satyagraha, resulting in the confiscation of his ancestral land by the landlord. Itwar’s family then moved to Gargarhadih. For his involvement in the Jungle Satyagraha, he faced another six months in prison and a fine of Rs 50. He was released under an agreement between Congress and British rule.

Itwar Singh, a member of the Gond tribal community, had one son, Bechusingh Khursenga. After independence, he returned to farming in his village, never availing of the freedom fighter benefits. Respected in his community, he made significant decisions under a banyan tree.

Itwar Singh Khursenga passed away in 1957 at the age of 80.

Name mentioned in the inscription of the Martyr Memorial Building, Raipur

Source: Tikeshwar Prasad Gajpal, Contributor for CCRT.