Unsung Heroes | History Corner | Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, Ministry of Culture, Government of India

Unsung Heroes Detail

Unsung Heroes Detail

Garapati Satyanarayana

West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh

June 30, 2022

Garapati Satyanarayana (1911-2002) lived in the Pedapadu village, which is located in the Eluru Taluka of the West Godavari District. He was born on 6 September 1911 to Lakshmayya and Nagamma. He had completed the eighth grade of schooling. He was a leader in the Nationalist movement as well as a labor union. He was an active participant in the Salt Satyagraha Movement. Beginning on 8 August 1930, he was placed in solitary confinement at the Nellore and Vellore prisons for a period of four months. Participated once more in the activities of the Civil Disobedience Movement. On 27 June 1932, he was found guilty of his crime and given a sentence of one year in jail in addition to a fine of four hundred rupees. After serving time in the prisons of Rajahmundry, Tiruchirapalli, Madura, and Vellore, he was finally let out on 1 April 1933. While he was being held in the Rajahmundry Central Jail, he had interactions with terrorists and was swayed by the worldviews that they held. He participated in anti-war propaganda and was arrested on 6 April 1940. He was jailed in Pedapadu till 15 July 1940, and then was detained in the Vellore and Cuddalore prisons from 17 July 1940 to 26 January 1942, when he was released on medical grounds. He was taken into custody once more on 24 September 1942, and he remained there until 30 December 1943. During this time, he was held in the jails of Vellore, Palayamkota, and Thanjavur. He formed the Tannery workers union in 1937, a youth league in 1935-36, and the Eluru Town press workers union in 1935. He organized a jute workers union in Eluru in 1935, and he has served as the union's President ever since. During 1936-37, he was also Secretary of the DCC. He was Secretary of the Socialist District Congress from 1937 until 1939. In 1942, he was a member of the Communist Party of India's District Executive Committee. He was elected to the Madras State Legislative Assembly in 1952. He has held that position ever since. He was a member of the District Executive Committee of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) from 1963 to 1968. The Silver Medal was the distinction bestowed to him by the Government of India in 1972 in recognition of his efforts. He passed away on 13 December 2002 in Hyderabad.