Unsung Heroes | History Corner | Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, Ministry of Culture, Government of India

Unsung Heroes Detail

Unsung Heroes Detail

Rebbapragada Mandeswara Sarma

West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh

June 30, 2022

Rebbapragada Mandeswara Sarma (1898-1959) He was resident of Kovvuru Taluka, West Godavari District. He was born on 6 November 1898. His parents were Venkata Ramayya, Narasamma. Had his early education at Rajahmundry, gave up his secondary education, and established an open library in the Museum garden at Rajahmundry in 1916. He worked as an Assistant Secretary in the Gowtami Library and established Bharat Sevak Sangh at Rajahmundry National School. In 1919, he moved his residence to Kovvuru. In the year 1920, he was elected as Secretary of the Kovvuru taluka Congress Committee. He was an active participant in the process of collecting funds for the Tilak Swaraj Fund. Participated in the 1923 Nagpur Flag Satyagraha and experienced imprisonment at Nagpur; fought tirelessly for the overthrow of the Zamindari System. Propagated the boycott of college education, government employment, and foreign goods. Was a member of the DCC, PCC, and AICC. Took part in the Civil Disobedience Movement. Was sentenced to six months in jail on 7 January 1932, and spent that time in the Rajahmundry and Cuddalore prisons. He was the Secretary of the Sub-committee that was created by the first Congress Government in 1937 for the elimination of the Zamindari system. He also founded the ‘Sramika Dharma Sadhaka Sangh’ in 1941 to care about the welfare of Girijana and worked very hard for their well-being. He also established ‘Vira Samsmarana Mandiram’ in Kovuru in 1942 in commemoration of the freedom warriors who passed away and also released a book titled Akhilandhra Vira Samsmarana Kusumanjali giving life sketches of the fellow freedom fighters. In 1940 he established a school dedicated to the education of Congress personnel. He was the author of many books including Bharat Vastra Parisramala Charitra; Resettlement; Zameen Ryotu Samasya; Rajyanga Vivekamu-Vivekamu-Charitra Deepika; Neti Rajyangamu; and Sramika Dharmarajyamu etc. He managed for some time an English and Telugu paper called Yugadharma. He donated his whole property to the Public Societies established by him. He died on 26 July 1959 at the age of 61.