Unsung Heroes | History Corner | Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, Ministry of Culture, Government of India

Unsung Heroes Detail

Unsung Heroes Detail

Uddaraju Rama Raju (Ramam)

West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh

June 30, 2022

Uddaraju Rama Raju (Ramam) (1911-94) was from Valamarru in the Narasapuram taluka of the West Godavari District. Bangaramma and Pedda Padma Raju were his parents. He had his education in Valamarru, Ravikuduru, and Vinayasramam in Guntur. In March 1930, he joined the Indian National Congress and participated in the Salt Satyagraha campaign. He was detained by authorities after chopping down 80 palm trees in Madepalli village with 16 activists as part of an alcohol prohibition. On 31 May 1930, he was condemned to 9 months in jail and transferred to the Rajahmundry and Vellore jails; in 1931, he participated in the boycott of imported textiles and picketing of liquor shops; and in 1932, he went underground and published a secret periodical called Veera Bharathi. He also sought to recruit young people for the civil disobedience movement: while working with the Satyagraha movement, he made ties with terrorist groups. As a representative to the Calcutta Congress in 1933, he was arrested and imprisoned in Calcutta's Alipur jail. In 1934, he joined the Congress Socialist Party; he served as the President of the Taluka Congress Committee, as the DCC's Organizing Secretary, and as a Member of the PCC. He was the Secretary of the District Communist Party from 1935 to 1951. He evaded arrest and worked underground between 1939 and 1942; arrested and jailed under the DIR from 15 February 1943 to 30 December 1943 in Vellore and Thanjavur prisons. Later he served as a Member of the Secretariat of the Andhra Provincial Communist Party Committee, from 1952 to 1956; Treasurer, Andhra Rashtra Ryot Sangam, from 1954 to 1956; Member of the Andhra Rashtra Ryot Sangam's Executive Committee for numerous years; and President of the Andhra Rashtra Ryot Sangam. He founded the West Godavari District Youth Organization. He actively participated in the Kisan movement in Andhra Pradesh. He spread propaganda against untouchability and the Parda system. He supported widow weddings. He served in the Lok Sabha from 1957 to 1962. He was a Member of the Communist Party of India's (Marxist) State Working Committee. Lectures by Sir Arthur Cotton at the Military Engineering School in England, entitled The Irrigation Works in India, were published. Raman. Along with other communists, he was arrested by the government in 1962 and imprisoned for eight months. On December 30, 1964, a 15-month extension was granted. He served as Secretary of State and a Member of the State Executive from the founding of the CPI(M) Party in 1964 until 1989. Arrests and an anonymous life The Ramam is a fearless fighter. His salary caused both his children and his wife to suffer starvation. Ramam died on 27 November 1994, at the age of 84, in Hyderabad, while residing at his daughter Kamala's residence.