Unsung Heroes | History Corner | Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, Ministry of Culture, Government of India

Unsung Heroes Detail

Unsung Heroes Detail

Mangalampalli Chandrasekhar

West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh

June 30, 2022

Mangalampalli Chandrasekhar (1910-94) was a resident of Gundugolanu village in Bhimadol mandal, Eluru taluka, West Godavari district. He was born on 6 March 1910 to Venkata Subbayya and Satya Lakshmi. He completed his matriculation courses and became a journalist. He participated in the Salt Satyagraha campaign and was sentenced to one year in prison on 7 June 1930. He was detained in the Rajahmundry, Cannanore, and Vellore prisons and was released on 14 March 1931 as a result of the Gandhi-Irwin pact. Thereafter, he returned to the Civil Disobedience Movement and on 12 January 1932, he was again condemned to one year in prison, which he spent in the jails of Rajahmundry, Bellary, Madhura, and Cuddalore. In 1937, he joined Andhra Harijan Sevak Sangh as its manager. In 1942, he founded the Eluru Division Motor Workers Union and served as its de facto president for four years. During the Civil Disobedience Movement, he founded and ran a Harijan Girls Hostel for about 12 years. He earnestly worked for Harijan upliftment and the abolition of untouchability. He was the editor of Veeera Kesari, a daily cyclostyled paper; and worked as a correspondent for Swarajya, Andhra Patrika, Mail, Indian Express, Associated Press of India, and Press Trust of India. He served as president of the Andhra Pradesh Union of Working Journalists for more than four terms. He was Vice President of the Indian Federation of Working Journalists for two years and a member of the Andhra Pradesh State Advisory Committee for the Freedom Fighters’ Pension Scheme from February 1974 to March 1976. He served as chairman of the district Congress Freedom Fighters Committee and as a member of the State Committee for the Compilation of the History of the Andhra Pradesh Freedom Struggle from 13 August 1979 onwards. In honor of their contributions to the independence struggle, the Prime Minister of India them a Silver Medal. The Governor of Andhra Pradesh bestowed the ‘Shrama Shakti’ award to him in 1983. Chandrashekhar spent 5 years of his life writing a book named Paschima Godavari Jilla Swatantrodyama Charitra which was based on his experiences as a freedom fighter. The book was released by Ramya Sahitya Samstha in Penugonda, West Godavari district. He passed away on 18 December 1994.