As per report by National Mission for Clean Ganga, India receives around 4000 billion cubic meters of rain every year; however, India ranks very low in the world in terms of capturing rain—capturing only 8% of its annual rainfall . Hence the importance of groundwater harvesting. Raising awareness about such aspects shall help conserve water.
- Ancient Groundwater Harvesting Methods: awareness of ancient groundwater harvesting techniques like Kunds, Jhalaras, Bawris, Johads etc., ancient water irrigation systems etc.
- Conservation of Groundwater: literacy about reducing wastage of water, re-using used water, re-charging groundwater, recycling wastewater; knowledge about ways to save crops during drought years using pond water; benefits of forming informal water committees such as Paani Panchayat; learning water conservation through experiential learning methods and games; awareness about the advantage of pond construction at empty places and need of community pond conservation; awareness about conservation techniques such as: rural rain centers, rainwater harvesting structures (fish-cum-paddy), sharing groundwater amongst farmers, storing water in steep slopes for cultivation, watershed management techniques etc.
- Sanitation and Hygiene: safe drinking water, adverse impacts of poor sanitation (waterborne diseases), knowledge about relationship between water quality and hygiene, literacy about water clogging and how it impacts the quality of water etc.
Status and importance of traditional water conservation system in present scenario, Central Soil and Materials Research Station, New Delhi, National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) (2019)
As a part of Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, Hon’ble Prime Minister launched the mission on ‘Amrit Sarovar’ on 24th April 2022 with a vision to spread awareness about water conservation. The objective of the mission is to improve and rejuvenate 75 water bodies in each district of the country.
- Uses of Amrit Sarovar: advantages of constructing local water body in a district, awareness about regulating stream flow, awareness about lake habitat, knowledge about aquatic and semi aquatic plants and animals, awareness about impacts of floods and droughts, ways to replenish groundwater etc.
- Possible Initiatives Resulting from Amrit Sarovar: rejuvenation of other existing water bodies in districts, restoration of ecological and aquatic life, enhancement of water-based livelihood, improved conservation and sanitation of water bodies etc.